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BLINK TALK – Device to Aid the Communication of People with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

2X place

Project summary

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease that affects motor neurons in the brain (upper) and spinal cord (lower) causing the progressive degeneration of these neurons, preventing them from transmitting their nerve impulses. When motor neurons can no longer send impulses to muscles, muscle atrophy begins to occur, followed by increasing muscle weakness, and consequently your speech and other means of communication are compromised. ALS does not affect all parts of the body, such as intellectual reasoning and eye movement. From this, this research aims to develop a system that recognizes the user's blinks, enabling an alternative communication to provide an improvement in the quality of life of people with ALS. The technology allows a camera to detect an individual's blinks and thus be able to select a folder and a word or phrase already determined, automatically sending a response to the software and transmitting it via voice. The development methodology is initially given by field research carried out with ArELA - RS (Regional Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Association of Rio Grande do Sul), with an occupational therapist so that there is knowledge both of people with ALS, as well as of their caregivers and family members, to identify their real daily needs. Through this, it was possible to determine the words and phrases entered in the device. The other main stage of the project was the study and development of the prototype, using the Python programming language. Initially, we use the Haar Cascade function to detect the face in the image transmitted by WebCam, this resource is used through the OpenCV library, when necessary to identify specific objects in an image using simple resource driven cascade classifiers. The identification of the blink is performed using a function called Eyes Aspect Ratio, which allows knowing the proportion of each eye, through the facial landmarks that are responsible for identifying specific points on the face, in this case, the eyes. The Blink Talk project will be completed after the tests, which will be carried out in the field through a list of ten tasks proposed by the group, followed by a questionnaire applied to users and their caregivers. In this way, we will analyze the Blink Talk device, based on its performance. Keywords: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. Alternative Communication. Blinks.

Students

Calita Fernandes Druck
Fernanda Ristof

Guidance counsellors

Augusto Bemfica Mombach
Diego Ramos Moreira

Institution

FEICIT - INTERNAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FAIR
  RS -
  Brazil

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Daniela Caponi Araujo
Daniela Caponi Araujo
6 months ago

wonderful the project

3+
blink talk
blink talk
6 months ago

Thank you!

1+
Vanderleia Nunes
Vanderleia Nunes
6 months ago

Congratulations!

1+
blink talk
blink talk
6 months ago

Thank you!

0
André Schlotefeldt dos Santos
André Schlotefeldt dos Santos
6 months ago

This project presents the high level of knowledge on the part of the entire group involved.

3+
blink talk
blink talk
6 months ago

Thank you!

0
Cassandra Vitoria Corso
Cassandra Vitoria Corso
6 months ago

A very important project, as a society we need people who are increasingly interested in the common good. Making life easier for people with ALS is a part of that.

3+
blink talk
blink talk
6 months ago

Thank you!

0
blink talk
blink talk
6 months ago

Prototype video: https://youtu.be/GzRQb7w8nAI

0
Mariana Sales
Mariana Sales
6 months ago

Project of great importance, congratulations!

1+
blink talk
blink talk
6 months ago
Reply to  Mariana Sales

Thank you!

0
Laura
Laura
6 months ago

Great job, congratulations!

1+
blink talk
blink talk
6 months ago
Reply to  Laura

Thank you!

0
Nathalia Krolikowski
Nathalia Krolikowski
6 months ago

Wonderful project! As a medical student I thought it was amazing! It is very useful!

2+
blink talk
blink talk
6 months ago

Thank you!

0
Marcio Leandro Souza Momberger
Marcio Leandro Souza Momberger
6 months ago

Excellent project! Very good presentation. Congratulations!

0
Raquel Vieira Sebastiani
Raquel Vieira Sebastiani
6 months ago

Congratulations! Wonderful and super relevant project!

0
Robson Lopes
Robson Lopes
6 months ago

Congratulations girls for the idea, we are on a similar project using an infrared sensor. Could you tell which library is using to detect the blinks?

0
Bruno Alves
Bruno Alves
6 months ago

Very cool! Congratulations on the project!

0

Popular vote*

Did you like it? So vote and share now:

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Students

Calita Fernandes Druck
Fernanda Ristof

Guidance counsellors

Augusto Bemfica Mombach
Diego Ramos Moreira

Institution

FEICIT – FEIRA INTERNA DE CIÊNCIA E TECNOLOGIA
  RS –
  Brazil

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